Department of Religion

Position: Associate Professor & Director of Rutgers Center for Chinese Studies
Areas of Specialization: Buddhism, Chinese Religious and Philosophical Traditions, Comparative Philosophy, Buddhism and Psychology
Office: College Ave Office 204
Office Hours: Spring 2019: Thursdays 10:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. or by appointment, 64 College Ave
Phone: 848-932-6824 or 848-932-9641
Fax: 732-932-1271
Education: Ph.D., Temple University
Postal Address: Department of Religion School of Arts and Sciences Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey 64 College Ave New Brunswick, NJ 08901-8525

Tao Jiang’s primary research interest is Mahāyāna Buddhist philosophy (Madhyamaka and Yogācāra), classical Chinese philosophy (Confucianism and Daoism) and comparative philosophy. In his book, Contexts and Dialogue: Yogācāra Buddhism and Modern Psychology on the Subliminal Mind (Hawaii, 2006), he proposes that a comparative approach to ideas needs to contextualize those ideas first in their indigenous backgrounds and then to recontextualize them by bringing them into the new comparative setting. The contextualization and recontextualization should be carried out by examining their contents (what), rationales (why) and ways of formulation (how), both respectively and comparatively. In this respect, Contexts and Dialogue brings together three conceptions of the subliminal mind as the book moves through a series of contexts, from the context of seventh-century Yogācāra Buddhism to that of twentieth-century modern psychology and eventually to the unfolding contemporary context of increasing cross-cultural dialogical engagement. His comparative study has shown that the Yogācāra notion of ālayavijñāna (the storehouse consciousness) and the unconscious in modern psychology operate within vastly different paradigms with regard to personhood, shedding new light on the cultures that have produced them. He is the translator of A Guided Tour of the Collected Works of C.G. Jung, and is co-editor of an anthology, The Reception and Rendition of Freud in China: China’s Freudian Slip (Routledge, 2013), with Philip J. Ivanhoe of City University of Hong Kong.  Jiang is writing a monograph on notions of freedom through a comparative lens and has published several articles on the subject.

Jiang’s interest in comparative approaches to idea involves both East-West comparison as well as East-East comparison. He is co-directing the Rutgers Workshop on Chinese Philosophy (RWCP) with Ruth Chang of the Philosophy Department. He co-chairs with Chakravarthi Ram-Prasad of Lancaster University (UK) “Religions in Chinese and Indian Cultures: A Comparative Perspective” Group under the annual meeting of the American Academy of Religion. He is the book review editor of the Journal of Buddhist Philosophy, and is a co-chair of the Neo-Confucian Studies Seminar at Columbia University.

The Reception and
Rendition of Freud in
(Routledge 2013)
Contexts and Dialogue: Yogacara Buddhism and Modern Psychology on the Subliminal Mind
(Hawaii 2006)
Daodu Rongge
(Lixu 1997)

Selected Articles and Book Chapters
  • "Incommensurability of Two Conceptions of Reality: Dependent Origination and Emptiness in Nagarjuna's MMK,"Philosophy East & West 64.1 (January 2014).
  • "Xuanzang and Freud:  A Buddhist-Freudian Engagement on the Subliminal Mind," in The Reception and Rendition of Freud in China: China's Freudian Slip, edited by Tao Jiang and Philip J. Ivanhoe. Routledge, 2013.  This is an expanded version of "the Storehouse Consciousness and the Unconscious: A Comparative Study of Xuanzang and Freud on the Subliminal Mind," published in the Journal of the American Academy of Religion 72:1.
  • "Isaiah Berlin's Challenge to the Zhuangzian Freedom," Journal of Chinese Philosophy (2012, supplementary issue).
  •  "Two Notions of Freedom in Classical Chinese Thought: The Concept of Hua in the Zhuangzi and the Xunzi," Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy X.4 (December 2011).
  • "Linji and William James on Mortality: Two Versions of Pragmatism," in Mortality in Traditional China, edited by Amy Olberding and Philip J. Ivanhoe, State University of New York Press, 2011.
  • "Augustine and Aquinas on the Will" (in Chinese), in Frontiers of Western Philosophy, edited by Jiyuan Yu. Beijing, China: Renmin University Press, 2008.
  • "The Dilemma of Skillful Means in Buddhist Pedagogy:  Desire and Education in the Lotus Sutra," in Education and Their Purposes:  A Philosophical Dialogue among Cultures, edited by Roger Ames and Peter Hershock, University of Hawaii Press, 2007.
  • "Intimate Authority: The Rule of Ritual in Classical Confucian Political Discourse," Chapter Two in Confucian Cultures of Authority in Practice: China, edited by Roger Ames and Peter Hershock, State University of New York Press, 2006.
  • "The Problematic of Continuity: Nishida Kitaro and Aristotle," Philosophy East & West 55:3 (July 2005).
Selected Awards and Distinctions
  • Book Review Editor, Journal of Buddhist Philosophy (SUNY).
  • Member of the Editorial Board, Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy (Springer).
  • Best First Book Award Jury, American Academy of Religion, 2013-2016.
  • Co-chair, "Religions in Chinese and Indian Cultures: A Comparative Perspective" Group. a program unit under the American Academy of Religion, 2011-present.
  • Co-chair, Neo-Confucian Seminar at Columbia University, 2010-present.
Professional Memberships and Affiliations
  • American Academy of Religion

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